One of the oldest domesticated mammals with their easily noticeable humps on the backs, camels are known as the ‘ships of the desert’ because of their ability to survive in the dreary desert climate and also for being the only mean of transportation in the middle of the desert. Their towering height, majestic appearance, and their ability to survive long without food and water make them one of the most interesting animals in the animal kingdom. Camels are special in every aspect and there are some really intriguing fun facts about camels and their abilities that are just beyond imagination. Do you find these long-legged, hump-backed, and thick-lipped animals to be interesting? Then you would love to read these incredible facts about camels that make them so unique in the animal kingdom.
Most Interesting Facts About Camels You Would Love To Know:
#1. There Are Three Species Of Camels:
There are generally three species of camels that we get to see. These three are Dromedary or Arabian camel, Bactrian camel, and Wild Bactrian camel.
#2. Facts About Camels:
The dromedary camel has one hump on its back and it is also the tallest of all the three camel species. A male dromedary camel is about 5.9 to 6.6 feet tall at his shoulder and a female one is about 5.6 to 6.2 feet tall.
The one-humped dromedary camels contribute to 94% of the total world’s camel population.
The two-humped Bactrian camels which are also known as the Mongolian camels make up only 6% of the world’s camel population.
#5. Facts About Camels:
One of the most saddening facts about camels is that the third species of camels or the Wild Bactrian camel which can mainly be seen in areas of Mongolia and northwest China are now critically endangered. Their numbers have now been reduced to only 1,000 individuals.
There is a popular belief about the camel’s hump that they store water in their humps. But it is a misbelief. In reality, a camel’s hump stores fat. This fat is used to produce both energy and water when physical resources of water and food are unavailable.
This is one of the most incredible facts about camels that proves how well adapted a camel is to its environment. Did you know that a camel has three eyelids and two sets of eyelashes that give their eyes protection from the blowing sand? So as they have three eyelids for each eye, technically, a camel has a total of six eyelids.
Camels can also shut their nostrils during sand storms. Isn’t it amazing to know?
Camels have thick pouty lips that allow them to eat the most uncomfortable things too like the thorny plants.
#10. Facts About Camels:
One of the most amazing facts about camels is that a camel’s body rehydrates itself faster than any other mammal in the world. When exposed to a water source, a camel can drink up to 30 gallons of water in just 13 minutes.
During winters, when there is a scarcity of water, a camel can survive without water for at least 6 to 7 months at a stretch. Whereas, a person will survive for only 3 days at a stretch without water.
On average, a camel lives for about 40 to 50 years.
Camel milk is highly nutritious. And their milk is more human-like than that of the milk derived from cows.
Camel milk has low cholesterol, high vitamin C and sodium, and potassium content. Camel milk is among the healthiest milk in the world.
#15. Camels Can Carry Excessive Loads:
You won’t even believe, how much weight a camel can actually carry! According to National Geographic, camels can carry about 375 to 600 lbs. (170 to 270 kilograms) on their backs.
A big thanks to the thick pads of skin that guard their chest and knees, camels can sit on very hot sand without hurting themselves.
#17. Camels Are Fast:
A camel can run at a speed of 40 miles per hour – which is the same as a racehorse.
#18. Facts About Camels:
If a camel thinks that you are a threat to him, he will spit on you. Haha, it is their way of distracting their potential threats. This is their defense tactic and sometimes, this spitting contains a green substance!
A group of camels is known as a herd. Each herd is led by a dominant male. The other males of that herd are called ‘bachelor herd’.
A camel usually moans, groans or bellows.
A newborn camel baby has a white complexion. As it keeps growing, it gradually grows brown skin.
Australia is home to the world’s largest herd of camels.
#23. Facts About Camels:
When a camel moves, both legs on the same side of its body move at the same time. This is known as pace.
A baby camel is born without a hump.
One of the worth-knowing facts about camels is that their ears are so tiny and covered with hair that sand and dust can hardly enter their ears.
Did you know that the name camel has a meaning in Arabic? According to Arabic translation, camel means beauty.
It is intriguing to know that camels are originally from North America. They originated there as far back as 10 million years ago. But, they saw their extinction some 10,000 years ago.
#28. Facts About Camels:
While the Dromedary or Arabian camel and Bactrian camel have long been domesticated, Wild Bactrian camels have not yet been domesticated. They are still wild and untamed.
#29. Camel Humps Can Increase Or Decrease In Size:
Yes, that is true. It increases or decreases according to the use of fats that are stored in the humps.
In Kenya, there are Camel Mobile Libraries which are basically camels carrying and transporting books to remote areas. This is the only way people of those remote places can have access to books.
So these were some of the most intriguing and fun facts about camels which we are sure that you enjoyed reading. If you have enjoyed this post, please share it with your friends and comment down below how did you love these facts. BYE