The largest island in the world, Greenland is one of the most isolated places in the world. Covered by a thick sheet of ice, this huge piece of land sits between the Arctic and the Atlantic Ocean and covers an area of about 836,000 square miles. Geographically and culturally so unique, the beauty of this island is limitless. Boasting a human settlement that is some thousands of years old and being home to massive glaciers and interesting biodiversity, the largest island in the world has some of the most astonishing facts associated with it. So if you are fascinated about this Arctic destination, you have to stick to our today’s article as today we are gonna be unfolding some of the best facts about Greenland that are just worth knowing.
Amazing Facts About Greenland: The Largest Island In The World:
#1. Facts About The Largest Island In The World:
First and foremost, Greenland is the world’s largest island by area and is not a continent.
It covers an area of over 836,000 square miles and is the 12th largest country by area in the world.
Greenland is 219% larger than Texas.
Do you know what ‘Greenland’ means? It means ‘Land of People’.
#5. Facts About The Largest Island In The World:
One of the most fascinating facts to know about the largest island in the world is that according to scientists, Grenland was actually considerably green about 2.5 million years ago.
Greenland is an autonomous country but it is also a part of the Realm of Denmark.
The island is covered by a very old ice cap. Studies suggest that these ice caps can even date back to 400,000 years. It is amazing to know that, over 80% of its land is enveloped by ice caps and glaciers.
The 20% of its area which is ice-free has a size that is as large as Sweden.
Nuuk is the capital of Greenland, the largest island in the world and it has a population strength of only 18,000. The whole island, in fact, has a very low population summing up to roughly 56,000.
#10. Facts About The Largest Island In The World:
It is crazy and so intriguing to know that the island country is located both north and south of the Arctic Circle.
90% of the Greenlands are Inuit (Eskimos).
Did you know that a submarine ridge that is no deeper than 600 feet physically connects Greenland with North America?
The island is an extension of the Canadian Shield.
The Greenland Ice Sheet has an average thickness of 5,000 feet.
#15. Facts About The Largest Island In The World:
One of the world’s fastest glaciers, Jakobshavn Glacier can be found in Greenland, the largest island in the world. It moves about 100 feet a day.
Mount Gunnbjörn is the highest mountain in Greenland that also happens to be the highest peak located north of the Arctic Circle. It has an elevation of 12.119 ft.
The largest island in the world is a place where icebergs and hot springs co-exist. Greenland is home to many hot springs. But the ones on the island of Uunartoq are the most popular. It is the island where the hot springs are warm enough to bathe in.
#18. UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
Greenland has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. And those are the reasons many people visit the island. The three areas are:
i) Ilulissat Icefjord on the west coast of Greenland
ii) Kujataa Greenland in South Greenland
iii) Aasivissuit-Nipisat at the Arctic Circle in West Greenland
Kujataa is located in South Greenland and is a sub-arctic farming landscape. It is also famous for being the first known example of agriculture in the entire Arctic region.
#20. Facts About The Largest Island In The World:
On this vast island, you won’t find any road or railway line that connects the settlements to one another. The island country has no railway or waterway. The whole country has only 90 miles of roads and that too only within the settlements or around them.
The largest island in the world is the land with the lowest population density in the world.
Also, it is home to the world’s largest national park. The Northeast Greenland Natinoal Park happens to be the largest national park in the world and it protects 972,000 km2 of the interior and northeastern coast of Greenland.
The island country has no direct flight. If you are traveling from the US to Greenland, you have to take connecting flights via Denmark or Iceland. Air Greenland is the airline that operates routes to Greenland. And they have flights from Copenhagen and Reykjavik. Also, there is Air Iceland which operates between Reykjavik and Iceland.
The island sees rich biodiversity. Here one can see exotic animals like reindeer, musk oxen, and also many birds.
#25. Facts About The Largest Island In The World:
Summer Solstice is a national holiday for the Greenlanders. On every 21st July, which marks the longest day of the year, they enjoy time with family, bask in the sun, and have fun.
#26. World Ice Golf Championship:
If you want to see Ice Golf World Championship, you have to go to Greenland. Ice Golf Championship is taking place on the island’s first golf course which is on a small island named Uummannaq since 1999.
The largest island in the world is rich in natural resources like iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, diamonds, natural gas, oil, and even many rare-earth elements.
The national dish of the country is Suaasat which is a thick soupy broth made of seal meat. So if you are adventurous enough to try different food, Greenland must be on your bucket list. They also make the soup with reindeer, whales, or seabirds. Is not that crazy?
This land of ice also practices several different traditions. And breathing down each other’s neck to show love is definitely one among them. In Greenland, they bend their faces on the other person’s cheek or neck to take a deep inhale while rubbing their noses against the other person. So they show love by smelling.
#30. They Eat Seal’s Lung, Raw And Warm:
When a hunter hunts a seal and comes back to the village, he will celebrate it by cutting the lung of the seal and eating it fresh while it is still warm. Although seal hunting is prohibited in most of the areas in the world, they are allowed to hunt it to some extent as this is one of their primary sources of food.
So, guys, these were some of the most amazing facts about Greenland, the largest island in the world and its people and tradition. Share it with others and enlighten everyone.