One of the most visited national parks in Croatia, Plitvice Lakes National Park is an eclectic destination where nature is so bountiful and exciting. It is one of the oldest and also the largest national park in Croatia. Plitvice Lakes National Park was founded in the year 1949. A famous UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979, there are also some amazing and noteworthy facts about the park that are worth knowing. It is unique, picturesque, and has a wide variety of animals, plants, and birds. Why the lakes here are so blue, do you know? Or do you even know that there are stories and myths associated with this one of its kind national park? If you are excited to know about all these and are already intrigued, then just scroll down below and give a quick read to the article.
Must-know Facts About Plitvice Lakes National Park:
Plitvice Lakes National Park is located in the mountainous karst region of Croatia that straddles the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The total area of the national park is about 296.8 km2.
Since 1998, the park has also been declared as a mine-free zone by UNESCO.
The Symbolic Logo:
The symbolic logo of the Plitvice Lakes National Park is the very famous European brown bear.commons.
Total Numbers Of Lakes Inside The Park:
Can you just tell that ho many lakes are there inside the national park? One, two, three or maybe four? No, no, five? No, you are wrong. You won’t even believe that there are freaking SIXTEEN mesmerizing lakes inside this national park. 12 of those lakes are known as upper lakes and 4 of them are known as lower lakes. These lakes are all arranged in cascades and they are interconnected.
Prošćansko jezero and Kozjak.
The Colors Of The Lakes Are Ever-Changing:
What is more fascinating about these lakes is that the colors of these lakes are constantly changing. I mean, the same lake on two different days, may not look the same. Obviously, there are reasons for this phenomenon. Because of the minerals and organisms present in the water at different points of time and also due to the angle of sunlight.
The geological formation and the calcium carbonate present in the karst landform is also the reason behind this magical transformation of colors from green to blue to turquoise.
The Park Has Over 90 Waterfalls:
Not only lakes, there are over 90 waterfalls in the park that is also so amazing in itself. The highest waterfalls are the Large Waterfall or Veliki Slap (78m), that you will find at the end of the Lower Lakes.
The cascading lakes that are joined by the scenic waterfalls lastly extend into a limestone canyon.
In Croatian, the park is known as ‘Nacionalni park Plitvička jezer’.
Each year, approximately 1.2 million tourists visit the Plitvice Lakes National Park.
Outstanding Flora Diversity:
Besides its unmatched beauty, the park is also a place to catch some really amazing biodiversity. So far, 1267 different types of distinctive plants that belong to 109 species have been founded here in the national park. And 75 species of these plants are endemic to this forest.
You can find 55 different species of orchids in the park too.
Extremely Wide Varieties Of Animals And Birds:
The park, due to its relatively remote location and a far distance from the industrialized, polluted city core, boasts of the stunning diversity of animals and birds too. The area of the Plitvice Lakes National Park is a place where you will get rare animals like European brown bear, eagle, owl, European wildcat, grey wolf, lynx, etc. European brown bears are the largest predators in the park and they are a treat to the eyes.
More than 50 species of mammals inhabit the park area.
Talking about the bird community of the park, Plitvice Lakes National Park owns the third-largest concentration of bird species among all the parks in Croatia. Eight different kinds of woodpecker species live within the park boundary. Common kestrels, sparrow hawks, golden eagle, Eurasian eagle-owl (one of the largest owl species in the world) live in plenty inside the park.
Besides, 321 kinds of butterflies, 12 kinds of amphibian species, interesting reptiles like viviparous lizards, snakes, frogs, and turtles call this national park to be their home.
The two most common varieties of venomous snakes that live in the park are the European adder and horned viper.
Several civilizations have inhabited here for thousands of years. Among them, Turks, Celts, Romans are among the must-worthy mentions.
The Waterfalls Freeze In The Winter:
One of the lesser-known facts about the Plitvice Lakes National Prak is that the waterfalls completely freeze over during the chilled winter. Even they might stay in a solid-state for more than 30 days at a stretch.