The birthplace of Mayan civilization, the land of the fascinating volcanic landscape, and also the land of the very colorful Antigua, Guatemala is exotic and extraordinary. And with that, the country also conceals a very long and interesting history that starts off with the inception of the Mayan Civilization and got its perfection in 1841 when the Federal Republic of Central America fully dissolved. The Guatemala flag is a symbol of the country and is representative of the country’s long history. It conveys the country’s cultural soul. There are many intriguing facts about the Guatemala flag that you would love to know. From its colors to when the flag was adopted as a national flag – below are some of the must-know facts about this national flag that you would love to learn about.
Cool And Intriguing Facts To Know About Guatemala Flag:
Today’s version of the Guatemala flag was adopted only in the year 1871. Before that, the flag had gone through many versions and they also had several coats of arms at their centers.
#2. Facts To Know About Guatemala Flag:
The proportion of the flag is 5:8.
#3. The Design:
The design of the Guatemala Flag consists of a light-blue-white-light blue vertical triband with the national emblem in the center.
#4. The Meaning Of Tri-color Band:
The flag has two light blue vertical bands and a white band sandwiched between these two. The blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. And the white band represents the country of Guatemala. The white also represents peace.
The nickname of the Guatemala flag is Azuliblanco (or blue and white).
One thing which is very intriguing to note is that Guatemala is not the only country to have a blue and white flag. The flags of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras also contain blue and white colors in them.
All these five countries earlier were parts of a single sovereign state called the Federal Republic of Central America. And the flag of this Republic had white and blue horizontal stripes on it. After the Republic got dissolved, all the five countries got their new flags. The flags of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras contain horizontal stripes. Only the Guatemala flag has vertical blue and white stripes.
At the center of the flag, there is Guatemala’s coat of arms. It includes the national bird of Guatemala (the resplendent quetzal), a parchment scroll that bears the date of Central America’s independence from Spain, crossed bayonets, crossed swords, and a bay laurel crown. The Guatemalan coat of arms is very different in its nature.
The Coat of Arms of Guatemala which was adopted on the 18th November, 1871, features a parchment scroll. And it has ‘LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 written on it which means Freedom September 15, 1821. It was the date on which the country declared its independence from Spain.
The resplendent quetzal on the national flag symbolizes liberty. This bird is also a very mythologically important creature in America and is a key figure in the Pre-columbian American religion. The crossed bayonets indicate Guatemala’s willingness to defect and protect itself by force if need be, the bay laurel crown symbolizes victory, and honor is represented by the crossed swords.
#11. There Are Actually Two Guatemala Flags:
Along with Azuliblanco (blue and white), which is the nickname of Guatemala Flag, the country also uses a ‘Flag of Indigenous Peoples’ which is named as Bandera de Los Pueblos.
Since the year 2008, it has been a set law in the country that each and every appearance from the President of Guatemala must feature both of these flags.
#12. Bandera de Los Pueblos Is So Different From Azuliblanco:
Unlike Azuliblanco, the Bandera de Los Pueblos Flag features four main colors. These are red, yellow, white, and black. And all these colors represent four indigenous cultures. Red stands for the Xinca people, yellow for the Garifuna people, black for the Ladino people, and lastly white for the Mayan people.
Apart from representing the country of Guatemala, the central white stripe of the Guatemala flag also symbolizes peace, purity, and integrity.
The National emblem of the country which is centered on the white band of the Guatemala flag was designed by the Swiss artist Johan-Baptist Frener.
If you minutely notice the flag of this country, you will see that the blue color used in its flag is considerably lighter than the blues used in the flags of all the other countries that were under the Federal Republic of Central America flag.
The blue color which is used at the hoist-side and the fly-side of the flag is a shade called ‘Maya Blue’. Intriguing, right? Maya Blue is a color that is a very unique one. It is a bright azure blue pigment manufactured by cultures of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.
So, our lovely readers, these were some of the very intriguing and worth-knowing facts about the Guatemala flag that we are sure you must have enjoyed reading. Traveling becomes more fun when you know about different countries, their flags, their people, and their culture. A flag of a nation represents the very soul of that nation. We hope you all have enjoyed knowing these. Share these with the world and spread the knowledge. Till we meet, stay happy and stay safe.