Lakes are marvelous and some of them are seemingly bottomless. And they can be formed everywhere; from mountainous regions to glaciated areas to even as crater hole lakes. In our last article we have talked about 5 of the deepest lakes and today this post will enlighten you about the other 5 which are basically the deepest ones. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and as it happens to be formed around 25 million years ago, it is also the world’s oldest lake. Deep lakes are most of the time, thermally stratified and are rich in marine diversity. Holding huge amounts of water and located at varied locations, these are the deepest and full of mysteries lakes in the world, that you would love to know about.
It is interesting to know that, half of the world’s lakes are situated in Canada, i.e. in North America. And there are about 117 million lakes in the whole world, can you just imagine it? Along with the natural lakes, there are innumerable artificial lakes too like what you get to see in Brazil. And there are many magnificent facts associated too with the lakes that are also goose-bumping to know. Vostok which is the 4th deepest lake in the world sits about 2.5 miles below the ice! So, here we go with the list of the top 5 deepest lakes that are incredible and fascinating.
Deepest Lake In The World: Part II Of The Top 10 Deepest Lakes:
O’Higgins / San Martin Lake, Chile, And Argentina:
Well, why two names? Because this lake in South America’s Patagonia region is known as O’Higgins in Chile and San Martin Lake in Argentina. Lying at an elevation of 250 meters, the lake has a maximum depth of 836 meters and that makes it the deepest lake in the Americas and the 5th deepest lake in the world. Straddling the border between Chile and Argentina, the lake has glacial origins and is fed by the O’Higgins Glacier. It is beautiful with its turquoise water and is worth a visit.
Lake Vostok, Antarctica:
Sitting about 2.5 miles below the ice, Lake Vostok is the largest subglacial lake in the world and is also the 4th deepest lake in the world. It was in the year 1996 when the British and Russian researchers could, at last, exactly measure the lake under the ice using ice-penetrating radar. Though the maximum depth of the lake is uncertain, it can be near about 900 meters deep. Located beneath Russia’s Vostok Station exactly at the South Pole, the lake is estimated to hold around 5,400 cubic kilometers of freshwater. Being over 25 million years old, this vast deep lake has a length of 250 km and it has 50 km width at its widest point.
Locating at the border between Europe and Asia, the Caspian Sea is the largest inland or fully closed water body on Earth and it also happens to be the world’s largest saltwater lake. One of the most astonishing facts to know about the Caspian Sea is that though it is the third deepest lake in the world, its depth varies remarkably. The northern third of the Caspian only has an average depth of about 6 metres but the southernmost third has a massive depth of about 300 metres. With a maximum depth of about 1025 metres, the lake is capable of holding about 78,200 cubic kilometres of water.
A remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea, the lake is mostly a river-fed lake that gets 80 per cent of its water from the river Volga. And it is bounded by five countries, namely Iran, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan.
Tanganyika Lake, Burundi, Zambia, Tanzania, Congo:
An African Great Lake, Lake Tanganyika is the second-oldest freshwater lake and also the second-deepest lake in the world just after lake Baikal. With an average depth of 570 m and a maximum depth of 1,470 m, it is the deepest lake in Africa. It holds the greatest volume of fresh water and also is the longest freshwater lake in the world with a length of about 673 km. Also having a surface area of about 32,900 square kilometers, it happens to be the sixth largest lake in the world by surface area.
Fed by a number of rivers, some of the largest rivers that discharge water into this lake are the Malagarasi, the Kalambo, and the Ruzizi. It also has a major outflow naming Lukuga River which empties out into the Congo River System. A communication link and major fishing resource, Lake Tanganyika is of immense importance to the people who live around it.
Lake Baikal, Siberia:
One of the top tourist destinations in the world and the pride of Siberia, Lake Baikal is considered the world’s oldest lake being originated some 20 to 25 million years ago. With a massive size of about 3.15-million ha, the lake is also the largest freshwater lake in the world by volume and seventh-largest in the world by surface area and that contains about 22% to 23% of the world’s entire unfrozen surface fresh water reserve.
A site of awe-inspiring scenery and also a place that is revered for its exceptional variety of freshwater flora and fauna that is one of the world’s richest, the lake is also sometimes called the ‘Galapagos of Russia’. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996, Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. It has a maximum depth of 1,620 meters and the lake also hosts a wide variety of plant and animal species that can not be found anywhere else in the world. The only endemic mammal in Lake Baikal is the Nerpa Seal which is also known as Baikal Seal. It is a cute species of earless seal that is one of the smallest true seals. The lake is fed by more than 330 streams and rivers of which, River Selenga is the main one. The only outlet for Lake Baikal is the river Angara.