Ruins are all over the world. These are the structures that are man-made and were once of major significance to civilization. But with time, they have fallen or got eroded or got destructed due to various reasons. They have faced many wars, natural disasters, and many devastations and some of them still sustained the test of time. And talking about ruins, there are many spectacular Roman ruins that are scattered from England to Italy to Turkey to Croatia and beyond. The Roman Empire lasted a very long time and they constructed magnificent buildings wherever they expanded their kingdom. They made concrete buildings, many colossal walls to stop the invasion, amphitheaters, and many royal residences. If you are interested in history and want to explore some of the best Roman ruins, check out below these most impressive sites whether in Italy or outside Italy.
Many of the Roman ruins are famous World Heritage Sites and are preserved for their great archaeological as well as other significant values to humanity. Roman Forum which was a plaza located at the heart of the Roman city is surrounded by many important ruins. Besides, you get to see sprawling sites of Roman ruins in UK, Pompeii, ad even in Armenia. Read our below about a few of such incredible archaeological gems around the world that will surely provoke you to visit them in reality.
Best Roman Ruins You Must Visit Around The World:
Does this large oval amphitheater situating just east of the Roman Forum need any introduction? This is the most spectacular of all the Roman ruins and is also the largest ancient amphitheater that was ever built. Constructed under the reign of emperor Vespasian, Colosseum is still standing strong after almost 2000 years of its completion.
Made of brick-faced concrete, travertine limestone, and volcanic rock, this massive three-story structure with seating areas meant to hold an average audience capacity of 80,000 is an iconic emblem of Imperial Rome. Mainly used to host the gladiator contests as well as dramas and many mock battles, this colossal structure was even listed as one of the New 7 Wonders of the world. Dating back to 70 AD, this is one of the most well-preserved Roman ruins from the Roman Empire.
Imperial Baths of Trier, Germany:
Trier is a German city that is located near Luxembourg and is a place with one of the very significant Roman ruins known as the Imperial Bath of Trier. Trier was one of the residences of the Western Roman Emperor and is often considered the oldest city in Germany. Founded in 16 BC during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus, Trier is also been called “Second home”. Among many of the Roman ruins, the Imperial Baths are one of the largest imperial bath complexes outside Rome.
Pont du Gard, France:
This ancient Roman structure in France is the highest Roman aqueduct bridge. With its impressive structure, a height of about 160 ft, and a length of 900 ft, Pont Du Gard is one of the most well-preserved Roman ruins and also is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its utmost historical significance. It was built in the first century AD to supply water to the city of Nimes. Its extraordinary dimension and excellent preservation have made it one of the most treasured constructions of antiquity.
Baalbek Roman Ruins, Lebanon:
Baalbek from the historical past has remained a center of worship for all the religions like Mesopotamian, Roman, Christian, and Islamic groups. Once known as Heliopolis, Baalbek houses some of the most gorgeous Roman ruins. In terms of architectural majesty, some of the great ruins you get to see here are the site of the Temples of Jupiter, Bacchus, and Venus.
Even archaeologists are in awe about how these majestic rock works would have been done and assembled together to make the whole construction. The temple of Jupiter has 54 gigantic columns surrounding it and the temple of Bacchus has beautiful carvings and adornment on it dating back to the Roman Empire. One of the major tourist attractions in Lebanon, this site of ruin has a history of over 1700 years and you will love every bit of this ‘city of Sun’. Also, visit the museum to know deeply about the history of the region.
Arch Of Constantine:
This is the largest surviving Roman triumphal arch and is of great historical importance. The arch was erected in 312 AD to celebrate the victory of Constantine over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge. The arch is located at a very strategic location between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill and must be on your travel bucket list if you want to get fascinated by the architectural beauty of the Roman ruins.
Diocletian’s Palace, Split, Croatia:
Having a massive structure of a fortress but constructed to be used as the retiring residence of Diocletian, this luxurious palace along with a fort stand over half of Split’s Old Town. If you want to witness one of the most astonishing Roman architectures on the Adriatic Coast, you have to visit this Roman ruin. Half of the palace was built for Diocletian’s personal use and half of it contained a military garrison.
You will see the oldest Catholic cathedral here and the palace and the whole Old City is often considered as a living museum. The place was even used as a setting for the famous series of ‘Game of Thrones’. Visit this one of the marvelous Roman ruins and admire its limestone and marble towers and facades.
Formerly the site of a Greek colony and a Roman city and a bishopric, later on, Butrint is a site of famous Greco-Roman ruins. The site is located in the Butrint National Park which is 12 miles from the coastal resort town of Sarande. The main part of the site is specifically located on a forested hilltop. Get there to witness the ruin and also to get a spectacular view of the surroundings and to enjoy a picnic.
The Romans started to reign Butrint from 44 BC. Visit a bathhouse as well as an aqueduct and also get to the museum to know about the site’s historical significance.
Known for its Roman and Byzantine ruins, Jerash is a splendid travel destination just 30 miles north of Jordan’s capital. The site rose to its peak during the Roman era and is a beckoning site with impressive Roman ruins that celebrate the area’s imperial past. After Petra, Jerash is the second most popular archaeological site in Jordan. The stunning fact about this archaeological site is that it has survived several earthquakes and still has remained intact if compared to other Roman ruins.
The ruins of Philippi are the sites of the ancient city of Krinides which later was renamed Philippi after the name of Philip II of Macedon. In the ancient past, the city was mainly used as a strategic site to control neighboring gold mines. During the Roman rule, the site was used as the battlefield of Philippi between Marc Antony and Octavian against Marcus Junius Brutus and Cassius, the assassins of Caesar. This one of the most impressive Roman ruins is also the largest archaeological site in Macedonia. During your visit, get to see the ruins of the theatre, some sections of the walls, and also a temple, and a plaza.